The knee is one of the largest joints in the body and is highly vulnerable to problems stemming from overuse, traumatic injury, or underlying conditions, such as arthritis. Knee pain can limit function and mobility, making it hard to perform daily activities like walking or lifting objects from the floor.
Knee pain can be divided into three major categories, which include:
Sudden acute knee injuries are the most common cause of knee pain. Acute injuries often include sprains or strains that are caused by a direct blow to the knee or from a sudden twist of the knee. Common acute injuries include:
- A tear in the rubbery cushions of the knee joint (meniscus)
- Ligament tears, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- Breaks (fracture) of the kneecap
- Kneecap dislocation
Arthritis is another cause of knee pain. Two common types of knee arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition where the cartilage of the knee gradually wears away, causing bone to rub on bone. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects the whole body and can cause inflammation of the joints.
Overuse injuries of the knee occur due to performing repetitive motions, such as jumping, perhaps due to sports. Common overuse injuries include runner’s knee, IT band syndrome, and patellar tendinitis.
Some other common causes of knee pain include:
Symptoms of Knee Pain
Common symptoms of knee pain include:
- Constant ache
- Sharp, shooting pain when in use
- Swelling and stiffness
- Warmth to the touch
- Weakness or instability
- Inability to fully straighten the knee
Treatment for Knee Pain
Treatment will vary depending on what is causing your knee pain. Depending on the severity, some knee problems do require surgery. However, most complaints, including persistent pain, are best addressed by both chiropractic treatment and acupuncture.
Other treatment options may include:
More information about knee pain causes and treatments.
At Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation of NY & CT, we offer a variety of personalized treatments to help you find relief. To learn more about which treatment is right for you, schedule an appointment today!